Emily Morrow Finkell: Design Spectator…Everything Connects, Eames style

Emily Morrow Finkell: Design Spectator…Everything Connects, Eames style

“Eventually everything connects . . .” according to Charles and Ray Eames. 

http://www.eamesoffice.com/

ICE CUBE Eames Chair JPG

The fall of 2016 marked the 60th anniversary celebration of Charles and Ray Eames’ lounge chair design. It is nearly impossible to look around and not find some design element that was the work or influence of the Eames. When you see a stack of molded chairs, can you even imagine that there was a time before this curved plastic molded shape existed? Charles and Ray Eames are among the most prominent figures in the world of architecture and design who forced us to see and consider things entirely differently, oftentimes elaborating about something as simple as the number ten. “Powers of Ten”, was a short documentary film created by the Eames on seeing things differently within 10 seconds, 10 miles, across galaxies or within the human body in increments of ten. Watching it you’ll easily see that they imagined concepts and the world well ahead of their time. Charles and Ray Eames were not just a power couple of the 50’s, 60’s and 70’s, they were THE power couple of the 20th century, sensible visionaries who identified qualities worthy of their time and attention, and details that mattered in the making of a product.

If you have any awareness of Charles and Ray Eames, then your next thought goes to Herman Miller Furniture. In walking the halls of the Chicago Merchandise Mart during NeoCon,design eyes will no doubt be open for the subtle nuances as well as the obvious details of the Eames. There are endless other entities beyond Herman Miller who have found inspiration and have taken silent direction from the Eames work. What  those elements are and why are they important in today’s time beyond the 60th anniversary of the upholstered lounge chair, are more important than you’d imagine. Those elements and details include things that are now so deeply a part of our world that we take them for granted. Molding plastic, wire and plywood veneer into beautiful curved shapes and the integration of ergonomic design in such a way that form and function morph into something uniquely elegant, are some of the ways that the Eames permanently changed our world.

white ash eames® lounge chair without ottoman  - ebony eames® lounge chair without ottoman  - eames® aluminum group lounge chair  - eames® molded plywood lounge chair lcw  -

Herman Miller

We have been seeing a gradual but undeniable influx of mid century modern furnishings throughout the interior design and furniture industry for several years now. From the least expensive knock-offs of Eames molded plastic chairs at department stores like Target or Ikea to the better quality modern retailers like Design Within Reach, you’ll easily find evidence of the Eames’ legacy. Flipping through recent copies of HGTV Home magazine, Lonny Magazine and HOUZZ, the molded plastic, molded plywood and wire framed chairs, I can’t help but wonder if the designers who are selecting the furniture are choosing it for the fact that it’s tres chic or for its practical form and functional attributes that Charles or Ray originally envisioned? I think both perhaps. Some of the most interesting insights I’ve enjoyed knowing about Charles Eames is that he believed aesthetics could be a part of function and said “take your pleasure seriously”. Knowing this, we can all appreciate the ever-present Eames influence in the world around us. Each piece was obsessively studied and considered for our comfort, our pleasure and our appreciation of how it serves usl better than any other object could.
Ray Eames believed that “things were not separate in our lives…just because you painted didn’t mean you didn’t were not interested in weaving…you simply would not separate things….whether it was history, music or pottery”. She studied abstract art which is not surprising in that each piece of the Eames designs have a sculptural appeal and feels as if it’s a piece of art. The two Eames mutually respected and admired one another as the great talent and design mind that they were. Charles Eames said “Anything I can do, Ray can do better.” Their own unique histories and viewpoints complemented the others’ and the result was as simple as combining “work and play” which was what they strived to do in their projects. It seems as if their work and play combination was nothing short of the alignment of the planets within the galaxy where all that they created had a lasting and meaningful impact.

ice3

  • FIBERGLASS SIDE CHAIRS

    1951 – 1993, 2014 – Present

    LA CHAISE

    1948, 1996 – Present

    • slider-The World of Charles and Ray Eames travels to Belgium
      The World of Charles and Ray Eames travels to BelgiumExhibition on view at C-mine in Genk, Belgium, February 18 – May 28, 2017

Emily Morrow Finkell, Design Spectator: Colorful Times for Colorful Minds in FCW

 

“The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most.”

― John Ruskin, The Stones of Venice.

This is one of my favorite quotes on color…and what a great way to explain how colors impact us, regardless of our age, gender, nationality or ever the era we live in. It’s been so clearly proven that since living creatures first walked the earth, color has always played a critical role in both our existence and survival. Over the years, we have evolved in our sophistication of the endless ways we can apply color in our daily lives, and now have a long view of hindsight to draw upon. Over the centuries, we can see patterns in the shifts and subtleties of color as it pertains to fashion and interiors. With these color patterns mapped out, we can better understand what trends are just around the corner and what is going to drive them.

 

Back in 2009 Benjamin Moore published some intriguing color research titled “Colors of the Centuries” which compared and contrasted the even and the odd numbered decades and the color patterns that developed over those decades. bm-colors-of-the-centuries  . Their research begins in 1880 and shows how the colors of the roaring twenties were dramatically different from those of the depression and the decades that followed as well as the reasons why they were so different. For example in the 1940’s the color palette included cooler colors of blue and gray while the 50’s saw warmer colors come into vogue with high contrast black and white accents. The 60’s are so easy to imagine with the overly-vibrant tie-dyed psychedelic colors as well as the rebellious culture that drove those colors. From there, the 70’s moved into the earthy browns, golds, oranges and avocado greens. Think “Brady Bunch” colors which conjures up memories of shag carpets and wood paneled walls. While working in the floor covering industry, it has always been fascinating to find swatches of carpet from various decades. Practically everyone shares a fascination with the shifts and changes in both color and style regardless of whether or not they lived through it. Generations that followed like the millennials have only cable tv re-runs to be able to see what those eras looked like but have a genuine affinity for “mid century modern” and other “retro” design styles we are seeing thrive in today’s interiors and furniture markets.

img_5890
Missoni Home at Maison et Objet 2011 is all about the retro 60’s design aesthetic with their iconic “tuning fork” or chevron design motif. 
epson003
Norwalk Furniture Upholstery Fabric “Big Top” Fall 2016 Introduction inspired by the tuning fork design made iconic by Missoni Home and Fashion Textiles in a similar color way.
 

Today’s marketplace is proving to be a very colorful one, although in gradual increments. While color trends generally can be found to begin in the european design shows like Maison et Objet and IMM, we can easily see the progression from there to our markets here in the USA. Look at the images from Missoni’s showroom three years ago and then find those same colors at our very own markets here in the US. Story boards featuring the gray finishes for furniture, fabric and flooring from three or four years ago are “spot on” for today’s US market. Accents of bright yellow, indigo blue or even shades of green and aqua are finding a home here as they’ve worked into the american tastes by way of various inspirational sources, be it social media, design blogs, websites and cable design shows. We don’t have to go far to tap into a rich source of color or design information simply by opening a fashion or shelter magazine. Oftentimes the very magazine cover of any given month can give immediate insights into the colors that are key colors for that particular season or year.

color-story-boards-efinkell-for-fcw-2

 

Now that we see we are safely out of the recession and in a healthy thriving market with the stock market surpassing a historical 20,000 mark, consumers are finding they can make their personal statements at home and in their wardrobes. Once safe “gray and navy blue” wardrobes are getting a huge host of companion colors. These accent colors comings and goings are thrilling to watch especially in observing how quickly trend upwards or spiral out of the picture. Those that have staying power you can be assured will look amazing with the still ever-present grays, taupes and mushrooms…as well as the newer desert neutrals of camel, golden sand, cinnamon, mocha and terracotta tan.

 

germany-domotex-and-imm-shows-481
Gray, White, Taupe and Matte Black story board from Germany’s IMM show in 2011 showcases colors that can easily be found anywhere in today’s US markets.
germany-domotex-and-imm-shows-484
The range of neutrals is the perfect color palette for the past 6 years and still hanging in there. The pop of warm color can be found in the golden yellow on the right.
img_5124
The Hygge Danish Design trend was easy to spot in the past years markets of 2010, 2011 and 2012 Maison et Objet, Domotex and IMM in Europe.
img_5188
Cinnamon, mocha and other variations of warm neutrals were shown in Germany’s IMM and France’s Maison shows long before we saw them here in the USA preferences.

DESIGN SPECTATOR: Journey to the biggest flooring and design trends in 2017

DESIGN SPECTATOR:
JOURNEY TO THE BIGGEST TRENDS IN 2017
The Surfaces Issue

In order to prepare for a journey, you must first know where you’ve been, where you are currently, as well as where you want to go. I love planning trips and anticipating all the various twists and turns that I might encounter so that I’m sufficiently packed and well-prepared. In thinking about 2017, it is not unlike a journey. The next big product or design idea is probably already in the development process and without doubt will emerge this market season.

Where we’ve been:
It goes without saying, the floor covering and design world have been saturated with grays, taupes, off-whites and visuals that imply “reclaimed”, whether it’s hardwood floors, resilient vinyl, porcelain tile, carpet or rugs. We’ve witnessed a shift of market dominance from soft to hard surface, the softening of soft goods, the pendulum shift back from carpet that’s “too soft”, explosion of anything that is labeled as “waterproof”, and the clear expectations of the consumer for products that “perform” underfoot while looking beautiful.

Where we are:
It’s been eight years since we’ve had a change in the presidential leadership of our country, and no matter what your politics are, the change always leads to movement in things that impact our industry. We are already seeing an upswing in the stock market, optimism in new home construction, increases in existing home sales, and the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates for the first time since 2008. All these factors are going to result into some noticable new ideas coming to life.

Where we are going:
While there are so many trends for 2017 we can cover, the most interesting are ten mega-trends that we’ll readily see in floor covering.
1) If you’ve noticed there’s been an influx of marble, especially cararra and calacatta marbles, then you’ve seen the influence of “understated luxury”. The marbled effects are going to continue to grow in resilient vinyls and even reproduced in porcelain tiles.

Marianna_CalacattaDelight.jpeg
Mohawk Style “Marianna Calacatta” Porcelain Tile falls directly into the “Understated Luxury” trend with its upscale calacatta marble visual in a wide variety of sizes, in both gloss and satin finishes.
2) For the ever-growing love for “uncluttered living”, look for more and more clean lines, little to no visible wood grain or character. This will mean less and less of the hand-scraped, chatter-marked or knotty wood visuals.

VintageVintique_WinterOak.jpeg
Mohawk Style “Vintage Vintique” – color “Winter Oak” hits the sweet spot of uncluttered living due to the clean wood grain visual in a cerused white-oak finish, with little character or knots showing.
3) While it may sound like a contradiction of #2, it’s entirely different and noteworthy. There’s a huge global or “travel inspired design” movement. This flooring influence will mean oversized geometric design motifs in rugs and carpet, more and more antique persian rugs, especially layered over jute, sisal or seagrass broadloom and hardwood flooring.

DSCN3193.jpg
The wire-brushed hardwood floor is “Global Spirit” by Emily Morrow Home layered with Stanton Carpet Styles: “Bali” and “Belize” woven jute, Color: “Macadamia” and the iconic “Serengeti” woven polypropylene in color “Wild Root” from their “Kilimanjaro Collection”.
4) If you’ve seen HGTV, you’ve watched Chip and Joanna Gaines’ “Fixer Upper” show and their “Urban Farmhouse” look which is a blend of rustic, reclaimed, distressed paint treatments and wood everywhere.

img_8891
The “Fixer Upper” Power Couple Chip and Joanna Gaines have created a major design movement with their easy-living “Magnolia Home” urban farmhouse lifestyle.
5)“Japanese and mid-century modern” influences are creating a hybrid design style where you’ll find traditional and modern details and clean lines. Light and neutral hardwood floors, long and wide wood planks with zero character or gloss, and neutrals will keep things light.

Amadeo - ADO-1015.jpeg
Surya Rug Fall 2016 Fall “Amadeo” features zen-style cross hatching in a quiet monochrome range of grays. Speaking to the need for uncluttered and simpler living, the subtle pattern and palette fit into many design styles.
6) The wood has migrated up from the floor to the walls and includes many of the wood trends from 2016 into 2017 like reclaimed gray barnwood and painted white or white washed ship lap boards, *another influence by the “Fixer Upper” designer.

IMG_1729
Eastern Accents High Point Fall 2016 styled by Thom Felicia featuring wood wall decor
7) The “Danish movement” is working its way through hard and soft surfaces. We’ve seen glimpses of this in one of Shaw’s newest porcelain tile styles, “Glee” that has the look of concrete embossed with wood grain. Plaster, chalky or matte finishes have been working their way into the interiors world gradually. Initially we saw introductions of “plastery white” vases and vessels at the various interior design and home furnishings shows in Europe and the US, matte black automotive paints in luxury sports cars, and then black in virtually every category one can imagine…so when you pair two or more rather significant trends, what do you get? A mega trend that takes flight and has longevity in the marketplace. Check out the following examples of this mega trend…

img_0074
Barbara Barry for Global Views highlights the “plaster” whites, off whites and dove grays in various vessels at this Fall 2016 High Point Show.

For more on the “matte” and “plaster” trend…

Check out my friends from HGTV Home Nancy Fire and HGTV Dream Home Designer Bryan Patrick Flynn on YouTube as they talk about Matte Black faucets in Delta’s showroom at KBIS https://youtu.be/4wW3OGoEA0U

Ties directly into the precursor trend of black stainless steel at KitchenAid as well as a little nod to LaCornue’s luxurious black ranges.

https://www.deltafaucet.com/design-innovation/inspiredliving/go-to-the-dark-side-6-reasons-to-love-a-matte-black-faucet
Matte, Metals and Black combined for a winning finish in 2017…combining multiple design trends into one mega trend #MatteBlack #BlackStainlessSteel #kitchenaidappliances #matteblackdeltafaucets
https://www.kitchenaid.com/major-appliances/black-stainless-steel/

Stanton Carpets interpretation of the danish design trend “Hygge”
Stanton Carpets interpretation of the danish design trend “Hygge”

Take note of an unfamiliar term, “hygge”, a bulky cabled yarn found in throws. The bulky cabled yarns will be difficult to translate into broadloom carpets due to manufacturing and performance challenges but handmade rugs will be sourced from Denmark. Look for translations of the “knitted visuals” among chunkier tufted and woven loop pile carpets.

8) Vibrant jewel-tones in accessories for the home require a set of “new neutrals” beyond the gray and taupes of the past 10 years. Muted earth-toned shades of terracotta, camel and sand play nicely with the jewel-tones. These neutrals will be needed in backsplash subway tiles, large format porcelain floor tiles as well as resilient vinyls, hardwood planks and even laminates.

image001.jpg
Surya’s Fall 2016 collection of rugs features this rug “Tessera” which is not only a montage of jewel tones but also an updated take on an ancient Persian design motif.
9) Blue, all shades of blue, is continuing to make its mark in homes. Painted kitchen cabinets in lacquered navy blue, gray-blue and robin’s egg blue are becoming more and more popular after their color panache has been brought to life at Kitchen and Bath shows as well as in Designer Showhouses.

IMG_0508.jpeg
Stanton Carpet wilton style: “Carnegie” color: “Marine”
10) Last but certainly not least, the final mega-trend is “open living spaces” in the home. The ability for families to eat, cook, work and entertain in an open floor plan gives everyone the flexibility to adapt the purpose and use of any given space of the home. With an open floor plan, flooring must cross seamlessly from one area to another harmoniously. Designers, architects as well as design-savvy homeowners need to be able to find floor covering that is long, wide and visually open. Patterned carpets that will be most successful will look “woven” or have patterns that are wide open, large in scale with little to no contrast. Designers of open living spaces allow the homeowners the opportunity to define spaces. For example, conversation areas need to have grouped seating that is clearly defined by rugs layered on gorgeous hardwood or natural stone floors. Traffic within the open layout home flows strategically according to the arrangement of furniture and flooring.

SolidTech_Vershire_Steelgate.jpeg
Due to the continuing demand for open living spaces in both remodeled existing homes as well as new home construction, wider and longer planks help to visually expand and open up areas, allowing the eye to flow harmoniously from one designated space to another. Mohawk’s SolidTech vinyl style “Vershire Steelgate” offers all the necessary attributes for an open floor plan.

In summary, each of these ten megatrends offer homeowners an important solution and that’s that they give variety, the ability to change or adapt the way they express their personal style in the home.

Design Spectator: And the 2017 Color of the Year is…

Design Spectator: The 2017 Color of the Year is…

It’s that time of year when all the color experts are huddling together making their final decisions, taking the last votes on what will be THE 2017 Color of the Year. It seems as if there are so many colors of the month, color alerts and colors of the year that it’s hard to discern which ones really are the most relevant.
Let’s start with some of the higher profile color experts…names and entities we all have heard of…Pantone, Color Marketing Group, Benjamin Moore Paint and Sherwin Williams paint…then zero in to the floor covering industry’s only color of the year to date, Shaw Floors.

The underlying purpose for designating any color of the year is to give a platform on which one can speak about the virtues, importance, and marketability of that particular color for a brand or product. With that in mind, I personally believe a COTY should be one that is currently running line and not something too far out in forecasting timeline that it looks or feels “lost” among the other colors in the marketplace at time of launch. It is difficult to explain why “Brand X” might choose a color to an “interiors” audience when it was most likely selected solely with “cosmetics” or “runway fashion” in mind. It’s another thing altogether when a company chooses gray, taupe or white because there’s been an abundance of those neutrals for years. There are still more Colors of the Year in taupe or gray because there are still so many new lines of furniture and accessories being launched at European and US furnishing markets which means they are still not only viable but quite salable as well.

For 2016, Pantone released two colors rather than just one, “Rose Quartz” and “Serenity” after years of their singular sensations, “Marsala” 2015, “Radiant Orchid” in 2014, “Emerald” in 2013, “Tangerine Tango” in 2012…and so on. The big names in paint like Benjamin Moore featured “Simply White” for their 2016 color and their pick in 2015 was “Guilford Green”, a silvery shade of sage. Sherwin Williams moved from their 2016 pick of “Alabaster,” and it’s “an understated and alluring hue of white,” according to Jackie Jordan, director of color marketing, to 2017 “Poised Taupe”…all basically neutral-neutrals.http://www.housebeautiful.com/design-inspiration/news/a6941/sherwin-williams-color-of-the-year-2017/.

Last year Sherwin-Williams chose “Alabaster” white as the Color of the Year and the 2017 winner is “Poised Taupe”. According to Sue Wadden, the director of color marketing for Sherwin-Williams,”It’s like gray and brown had a baby”. http://www.today.com/home/pantone-spring-2017-colors-t103095

 

img_5551
Sherwin Williams 2017 Color of the Year “Poised Taupe”

Shaw Floors began pronouncing their Color of the Year in fall of 2013 just in time for the 2014 January markets. The first was a very big color story then and now, “English Royal Navy”, and was featured on multiple shelter catalogs and publications as well as in the Shaw Floors Smart Home designs by Linda Woodrum interior designer for HGTV Smart Homes and Dream Homes. Shaw Floor’s choice in 2014 of “Navy Blue” was to signify the company’s long-standing “reliability, stability and commitment to remain a leader in fashion for the floors” which was critical then and now, then it was a world that was just healing from the recession. Since then, “Lady In Grey” was their choice for 2015 and White Hot for 2016…and our sources have stated that the 2017 choice will “definitely be colorful, not neutral”. I’m making some predictions as to what their new COTY will be: Either a mint green, leafy green or sea glass blue-green, all shown very prominently at High Point Spring 2016 in trend setting showrooms like Global Views showroom and Bungalow 5.

IMG_1377

What if the Design Spectator selected a Color of the Year for 2017? What would it be and why? Based on my travels and research at all of the international home furnishing shows and interior design expos, it is without a doubt a more colorful world than it was a year ago…a world where one cannot live without turning the corner of any given storefront window or shelter catalog and seeing this hue…that hue is blue…and even more specifically, “Nouveau Bleu”. Inspired both by great works of art as well as the recent discovery of a new color, the first new blue in over 200 years, known by scientists as “YInMn Blue”, “Nouveau Bleu” is vibrant and can work with dozens of other color families beautifully. After touring a few of my favorite art museums, the Metropolitan, the Louvre and most recently The National Gallery Museum in DC, I found myself immediately drawn to the great works of art by Van Gogh, Renoir, Cezanne and Gaughin who worked with incredibly vivid colors, especially blue. The interiors and the fashion worlds certainly are finding inspiration within the same color palettes as the artists. When polled on “favorite colors” blue often tops the list and it’s no surprise why. It feels good the very split second you see it.
img_5854-1img_7367
img_7482

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

img_7367

 

IMG_1379
Bungalow 5
IMG_1699
Barclay Butera for Eastern Accents
IMG_1711
Barclay Butera for Eastern Accents
img_9493
KBIS 2016 vanity in the Kohler Showroom

High Point Spring 2016 Bungalow 5 Showroom

https://shawfloors.com/inspiration/inspiration-trends/shaw-color-of-the-year

Without any reservations, the Design Spectator’s Color of the Year for 2017 is “Nouveau Bleu”…. Based on my travels and research at all of the international home furnishing shows and interior design expos, today is without a doubt a more colorful time in our world…a world where one cannot live without this hue…and that hue, “Nouveau Bleu” was inspired both by great works of art as well as the recent discovery of a new color, the first new blue in over 200 years, known by scientists as “YInMn Blue”. After several tours of my favorite art museums, the Metropolitan, the Louvre, The National Gallery Museum and Musee d’Orsay, I found myself immediately drawn to the great works of art by Van Gogh and many others who worked with incredibly vibrant shades of blue. The interiors world is certainly finding inspiration within the same color palettes as the artists Van Gogh, Gaughin, Renior among others

Nouveau Bleu

img_1447

 

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

 

img_5855-1

http://www.newser.com/story/228247/whoops-chemists-stumble-on-1st-new-blue-in-200-years.html

img_5555
Shaw Floors Color of the Year 2016 “White Hot”
img_5554
Shaw Floors Color of the Year 2015 “Lady in Grey”

img_5557img_5552IMG_1769

IMG_4225
Tory Burch’s The Blue Room

Pantone Color of the Year 2016 – Rose Quartz and Serenity

www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2016

http://www.countryliving.com/home-design/color/news/a38728/blush-trend/
Pantone

For the first time Pantone introduces two shades, Rose Quartz and Serenity as the PANTONE Color of the Year 2016. Rose Quartz is a persuasive yet gentle tone that conveys compassion and a sense of composure.


  http://www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2013

Top 10 Colors: Spring 2016 Pantone Fashion Color Report – from …

www.pantone.com/pages/fcr/?season=spring&year=2016&pid=11

Pantone

Top 10 Colors: Spring 2016 Pantone Fashion Color Report – from Pantone.com …… This continual cycle of redefining the pallet of the season or the year arises …

Pantone Color of the Year 2016 – Color Formulas, Guides & Standards

www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2016-color-standards

Pantone

PANTONE Color of the Year 2016 can be found in the following color systems: ROSE QUARTZ.

Pantone Color of the Year 2016 – Shop Merchandise

www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2016-shop

Pantone

Get your Pantone 2016 Color of the Year Merchandise in Rose Quartz and Serenity. Mugs, Notebooks, Color Swatches and more from Pantone.com.

The 2017 Sherwin-Williams color of the year is Poised Taupe. This …

https://plus.google.com/100171369140264676940/posts/9vS6W5AeEmj

EMILY MORROW – Shared privately

Aug 30, 2016 – The 2017 Sherwin-Williams color of the year is Poised Taupe. This timeless neutral is modern, classic and a beautiful balance of warm and cool. Source: Poised …

Pantone Color of the Year 2016 – images and social

www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2016-social

Pantone

Share Images and video of Rose Quartz & Serenity, Pantone’s 2016 Color of the Year. Read social media and follow the colorful trend conversation on …

Fall 2016 Pantone Fashion Color Report

www.pantone.com/fashion-color-report-fall-2016

Pantone

Fall 2016 Pantone Fashion Color forecast report from Pantone Color. New York Fashion Week Designers and fashion industry color trends.

Color of the Year 2016: Simply White | Benjamin Moore

m.benjaminmoore.com/promo/color-trends-2016/

Search. Search. Search0. Search, Colors · Media · Products · Stores. Benjamin Moore Color of the Year Simply White OC-117 …

Sherwin-Williams Just Announced the Color of the Year http://hsbu.us …

https://plus.google.com/109286920494156593360/posts/ijNtoGSpJCu

Aug 31, 2016 – Sherwin-Williams Just Announced the Color of the Yearhttp://hsbu.us/1RZcXSj. Sherwin-Williams Just Announced the Color of the Year

Color of the Year 2016 | Color Trends of 2016 | Benjamin Moore

www.benjaminmoore.com/…/benjamin-moore-color-trends-2…

Benjamin Moore & Co.

Meet the Color of the Year for 2016: Simply White. Add ambience, definition, texture, or focus with this color to get some of the newest 2016 Color Trends.

Design Spectator: A fun look back at carpet trends with RetroRenovation

Emily Kiker (Morrow) Finkell says
September 20, 2016 at 3:09 pm

This was by far one of the most talked about and interesting discussions during my thirteen years’ tenure as Shaw’s Director of Color, Style & Design…in fact, we had more people stop in their tracks when they saw the swatches of these “vintage” pieces of carpet.

Pam Kueber, aka RetroRenovation, Thank you for your research into what continues to be a fascinating aspect of design…”RETRO”! I’ll be sharing your blog post on my own under “Design Spectator” as it is a timeless topic.

All the best,
Emily Morrow Finkell

http://retrorenovation.com/2012/01/16/wall-to-wall-carpeting-history-from-the-1950s-to-today-an-exclusive-interview-with-emily-morrow-shaw-floors/comment-page-2/#comment-978225Design Spectator: A fun look back at carpet trends with RetroRenovation

RETRO RENOVATION
CARPETING HISTORY FROM THE 1950’s TO TODAY — Posted by: pam kueber • January 16, 2012

Above: Emily Morrow and retro carpet swatches

AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH EMILY MORROW, SHAW FLOORS

Wall-to-wall carpeting history from the 1950s to today — an exclusive interview with Emily Morrow

Is wall-to-wall carpet “authentic” and appropriate for midcentury homes? You bet! Consider this data, provided by Emily Morrow, Shaw Floors’ director of Color, Style and Design for Residential Carpet and Hard Surfaces:

In 1951 — as the post-World War II housing boom in America was still ramping up — the carpeting industry sold about six million square yards of tufted wall-to-wall carpeting nationwide. Fast forward to 1968 – and the industry sold almost 400 million yards.


Carpet manufacturing tufting machine – Shaw Floors historic photo

To the American family of the 1950s on, carpeting was a luxury previously out-of-reach. In fact, I’m going to compare wall-to-wall carpeting to electric stoves in the way they both epitomized a whole new level of comfort and convenience that had become accessible, affordable – and desirable — to the masses for the first time. Wall-to-wall in the new living room said, “We’ve arrived and are staking our claim to our little piece of the American Dream. Take your shoes off, and stay a while.”

I had the chance to speak with Emily by phone recently about the history of carpet from the 1950s through today. We also talked about how the industry determines its color trends – including today’s gray-love — and what’s up next. 1980s teal, anyone? Buckle up. Read on for this exclusive interview chock-full of delightful carpet history and tips –>

Inside Shaw’s Color, Style & Design Studio – Eyes on the future with a view to the past

Retro Carpet Swatches

While she was talking to me, Emily had a bird’s eye view to the big “history of carpet” table in her design studio. It was covered with a growing collection of carpet samples reaching back several decades. For the past few years, she explained, her design team has been on the lookout for vintage carpet remnants that visually capture the key colors, style and design trends. “The past is always relevant to the future,” she said.
This look back in time is particularly pertinent to midcentury homes, because the big boom in residential carpet did not occur until after WWII. So “history” starts in 1946, at least as it pertains to the mass market.

Of course, Shaw’s blast-from-the-past mood board is a cacophony of: Color! For example, Emily knew I would like to hear about the team’s latest prize: A piece of multicolored burnt orange sculptured carpet from the 70s – found by accident under the filing cabinet in an employee’s office when they went to re-carpet. Yeah, baby!


Photos of 1970s Carpets shown on Shaw History Wall

Emily is an interior designer by training, and has been with Shaw for 15 years. She leads a team of nine composed of colorists, designers and stylists whose focus ranges from color development to pattern design and encompasses residential carpet, commercial carpet and hard surface (i.e. wood, tile, laminate and vinyl) styling. “Our whole staff works within the research and development facility,” she explained….more on the website at retrorenavtions.com

Carpet Sales Trends by Region
“A large portion of the 2ndfloor in R&D is our area — the color library. It’s entirely devoted to color, style and design inspiration and trends. One wall demonstrates the ever-changing sales by color in flooring, both nationally and regionally. To do this, we take 2” x 2” samples of each color and arrange them into bar charts sliced into both colors and regions.”

Color Wall in Shaw R&D Color Library

The other half of the team’s working space, she says, is focused on developing future design strategies, specifically, their “research color forecast.” That’s where the historical samples are used as a point of reference. More importantly, I imagine “top secret” story boards and inspiration pieces strategically placed all over their R&D space – muses for the next-big-thing colors coming our way soon.


Color Wall in Shaw R&D Color Library 2
Color Wall in Shaw R&D Color Library
“The ‘new’ story over the past five years or so has been grey,” Emily confirms. “Looking ahead, we see the color story is moving towards blocks of “hothouse colors” like magenta and purple as well as the more traditional jewel tones. Color is very cyclical in nature.”

Yup: Cyclical – what’s old becomes new again. So let’s start at the beginning ish.


Key trends in residential carpeting, beginning in 1950

Emily explained that prior to World War II, most “carpet goods” were woven. Woven goods were often area rugs, but they also could have been installed wall-to-wall. After WWII, though, sales shifted dramatically to tufted carpet and to wall-to-wall installations.

Woven: The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven cloth. The pile can be plush or berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and berber carpet is a loop pile
Tufted: These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing comprising a woven hessian weave or a man-made alternative to provide stability. This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world.
– Wikipedia

“The post-World War II era saw a surge in carpet sales that was primarily due to increased interest in home décor and new carpet fiber technologies,” said Morrow. “Carpet had been a luxury during the war – as many home goods had been – and once the war was over, there were plenty of stay-at-home moms that were ready to decorate their homes with products they couldn’t get during the war years. At the same time, there were technological advances taking place in the carpet industry – tufted nylon provided a similar look as the woven wool carpets and rugs from the pre-war years; however, nylon was more durable and much more attainable to the growing middle class. This combination of factors was really the perfect storm that led carpet to grow exponentially in the 1950s.”


carpet manufacturing tufting machine shaw floors

Carpeting trends in the 1950s

In the ‘50s, she said, carpeting was “Saxony” – smooth — style. Definition:

Saxonies are tightly twisted cut piles that are heatset straight. Saxonies consist of two or more fibers twisted together in a yarn. They provide a soft texture for formal and informal areas. Saxonies show every footprint and vacuum-cleaner mark. Source: http://www.carpet.org/types_of_carpet.htm

In the ‘50s and through to the 60s, colors tended toward the bold –reflecting consumers’ enthusiasm for the wide world of decorating now open to them.

Photo of Printed Kitchen Carpet

Carpeting trends in the 1960s and 1970s


In the ‘60s and ‘70s, there was a “revolution” in terms of the industry’s ability to create new piles and textures. “There were highly creative shags… textured sculpted multicolors creating all these different visuals… and imprinted carpet for kitchens,” Emily explains. These played into “people’s excitement about change in general,” she said. “Consumers liked anything hip and new.” Tastes were changing as consumers’ view of the world expanded through the evolution of media. By going from black and white to color television, they were able to see into TV homes such as “The Brady Bunch,” where colorful shag or sculpted carpet was used.

Technology played a key role in developing the shag carpets to be synonymous with the 1970s. Emily said that the industry was experimenting with endless combinations both in yarn types as well as dyeing multiple layers of color. She explains that tthe 1970’s were a time when consumers were trying new things “just because”. Shag carpets once made from 100% polyester evolved into 100% nylon, resulting in a much more appealing aesthetic and improved performance.


1960s-1970s Carpets

It’s important to note that polyester carpet fiber has come along way since the 1970s – today’s polyester carpets possess improved performance and softness, and they are very popular with a new generation of consumers who find polyester carpet to be generally quite affordable as well as durably attractive.

Color favorites were avocado green, brown, oranges, and multicolor. Emily adds that “layering” of single colors, like greens, was also popular, because the effect was very forgiving in terms of hiding dirt.

Carpeting trends at the end of the 20th century

Beginning in the 1980s and continuing into the 1990s and 2000s, she said, consumers were becoming lots more savvy about owning homes. We also began moving even more frequently for jobs. “Real estate became such a big topic for consumer-homeowners,” she said. “We also were a more transient nation, and the idea that we could turn a quick profit by buying and selling was born.” As a result, Emily said, consumers gravitated toward: Hardwood. Homeowners believed hardwood was neutral, luxurious and would add to their home’s value at resale.

Then, there’s always the pendulum-swinging factor.

“Oftentimes the next generation has a little contempt for what was in their parents’ house. They want something better and also different,” Emily says, explaining another of the reasons why kids who grew up in homes with wall-to-wall carpet went for hardwood with area rugs, instead. As our lives got ever more complicated, homeowners also wanted to do less maintenance. “For homeowners who chose carpeting, berbers were the thing. We call this ‘trackless’ carpeting. You never see the vacuum cleaner marks.”

Yikes. I bought my first house in the mid-80s. It’s all coming back to me now — everything that Emily is saying is true!

Carpet trends today

Fast forward to today and like hardwood floors, the mass market color preferences in carpeting remain in favor of neutral underfoot. Emily says that buyers are comfortable with beiges, chocolate, and two forms of what I always call greige – “taupe” (brownish grey) and what Emily calls “true taupe” (which I guess would be a grayish brownish gray.) “No pink in it very little yellow,” she says. Bedroom areas, meanwhile, get lighter off-white. “This is a sanctuary space, with not a lot of high traffic.”

Consumers also are buying pattern – medium-to-smaller scale designs such as blocks and diamonds. Also, they get a “little bit of a fleck, like a tweed,” Emily said. The whole effect is smooth and tailored, but not solid. She says that this style looks good with all the midcentury modern furniture going into homes today, but that it is neutral and flexible enough for buyers still skittish about the economy and the need to make improvements with future resale in mind. “Homeowners still are thinking they may ultimately sell. Choices are conservative, but they still want an element of style that’s attractive and which they can appreciate.

She also mentions that midcentury modern is a “standout trend” influencing interior design today. “Mad Men is in its fourth year, and now we have [other tv shows] like Pan Am.”

teal carpet from shaw.

Carpeting trends for the 2010s

Between now and the next five years, what colors might be coming our way? Emily says to expect: Color! “When the pendulum swings it always swings the other way.” She also says to expect more carpet per square footage, with hard surfaces used in strategic areas. A backlash against all that granite and stone? Methinks, yes. “Consumers that have been living with hard surfaces realize they miss the comfort of carpet, especially in family and playrooms,” Emily said. Regarding pattern, she says to expect an evolution toward both tighter, and looser looks – pointing to natural seagrass and sisal as inspiration in both color and pattern. Chevron, herringbone or very simple loops in a limited array of flaxen neutrals are simple yet sophisticated looks for floors. For those who crave softness in broader color options, then casual textures and modified shags fill the need. “I call it ‘toe appeal,’ — it’s that wonderful feeling you get when you step into that soft and luxurious pile of carpet… barefoot,” said Emily.

Teal? Yes, Emily says this color is ascendant. “It’s one of those great colors that bridges well with other colors… grays, taupe, plums, magentas and other vibrant colors.” She even mentions mauve…well, a new version of the color formerly known as mauve. “That’s the fun part of how colors come back around, there’s always something new and exciting about them,” said Emily. ”Maybe it’s the other colors that they are paired with, or maybe they look wonderful simply because they are from a very happy time in our past.”

I was very alive and kicking (and kickin’ back quite often in fern bars) all throughout the 1980s. Are there others like me who remember all the – teal? I can get my head around it!

Comments
67
Be-Safe-graphic2.3
Get our retrolicious free newsletter.
Newsletter-sign-up-2NMAS
Comments

Tikimama says
January 16, 2012 at 3:05 pm

Just for kicks, photos of the carpeted bathrooms (oh, the smell!) and kitchen of one of my previous houses:

Kitchen

Main Bathroom

Reply
Kate says
January 16, 2012 at 3:24 pm

I have a teal area rug that is almost identical to that last picture! Mine is carpet tiles from FLOR (www.flor.com)

I love my teal rug!

CHROME AGAIN

Reply
Jamie D says
January 17, 2012 at 6:05 pm

I love your teal rug too! Great color scheme. We’ll likely get Flor for rugs in our house. We figure it’s nice to be able to pull up a tile and wash it in the sink when the dog horks something up on it.

Reply
Jordanna says
January 16, 2012 at 8:45 pm

As a kid I thought a house HAD to have wall-to-wall carpet or it wasn’t a house people lived in. I had only seen historic homes with hard floors (aside from in the kitchen and bathroom – those could be lino/tiled)

My oldest generation of living relatives were very fond of two colours in every apartment or house I stepped into: red or green.

Not a mossy grayed out green – a really strong, but NOT teal green. I’m not sure when this bright, strong, grassy colour was a thing but they loved it, in either dark but not diluted w/ gray or blue, or straight up kelly. This was the smooth, Saxony cut. I liked it. It “popped” their dark wood furniture.

The red looked okay to my child’s eye too, especially with white walls, but my mom said it looked like a church.

I had much less fondness for the shags and ’70s-’80s stuff, I thought the green and red which was earlier was much more classic. And it didn’t eat my Legos and Tinker Toys like the shag did.

“White carpet” is my mom’s definition of delicate, impractical luxury.

Reply
Laura says
January 16, 2012 at 8:59 pm

After having removed five room’s worth of wall to wall carpet in my 1939 Cape Cod I can’t imagine replacing it with new. There was perfectly gorgeous oak floor under most of it, VCT under the rest. There was even carpet in the bathrooms. Removing that carpet was some of the dirtiest, smelliest, grossest work I’ve ever done (shudder). Granted the property was neglected, but the experience doesn’t make me all that enthusiastic about wall to wall from the standpoint of cleanliness.

And here’s a memory: My best friend in high school had ultra-long green shag carpet in her bedroom, even though by then it was the 80s. We used to rake it with the shag rake to look for spare change. With gas as low as 69 cents a gallon back then, a productive ten minutes of labor with the shag rake could produce the wherewithal for a night out on the town!

Reply
Mike says
January 17, 2012 at 2:03 pm

Does anyone still make shag carpet? I would love to install some super shaggy carpet (the kind that comes with a rake) in my basement.

Reply
Katie says
January 20, 2012 at 7:29 pm

Hi Mike. I handle the public relations for Shaw Floors, and I wanted to let you know that Shaw makes a variety of textured, shag-like carpet styles today — and with the new advances in carpet technology, you don’t need a rake to keep it looking new! Check out Wild Thing from Shaw’s Tuftex brand: http://shawfloors.com/carpetDetails/search/Wild_Thing_Z6275-Almond_Silk

Reply
JKM says
January 17, 2012 at 2:09 pm

I saw my grandparents’ former home online a couple years ago on a realtor’s website when it was for-sale. The house, which they built in 1949 and sold in 1980, was immaculate and fresh and, thankfully, hadn’t been ruined by careless “updating” since they moved out 30 years ago – even the tile bathrooms and kitchen with its tile countertops were still there looking brand-new! What struck me most, however, when viewing the interior photos were the gorgeous hardwood floors in the living room, dining room and bedrooms. I’d never seen them before since all were covered with wall-to-wall carpeting at some point, probably around the time I was born in 1960. Wow!

Reply
Jamie D says
January 17, 2012 at 6:15 pm

I think the shag carpet we just ripped out of our “new” 1950 brick split is far more eye searing than any of the samples shown in this story. It was at least 3″ deep and was a white background (well, I’m assuming it was white sometime in the 60s) with red, fuchsia, pink, lavender, purple, and orange splotches. There was even a hint of baby blue if you looked really close, but overall from a distance, it read as bright red and pink.

It was so insane that I would have kept it if it wasn’t so grungy around the edges. And I’m sure it was stained…you just couldn’t tell with all the craziness.

Probably not the best floor covering for homeowners with bad allergies and a dog.

Now we need to get rid of all the 30+ year old high pile carpeting in the bathrooms. Ick.

Reply
JKM says
January 18, 2012 at 10:10 am

When my parents built a new house in Dallas in the early 1970’s, every room was carpeted. Thinking about it now I think “ugh” but it was the very latest in design back then. The formal living and dining rooms had gold plush carpeting (showed every footstep and vacuum track) and the balance of the house had rust colored shag except for the kitchen and laundry room, which each had flat “kitchen” carpet in a multi-colored pattern of gold, rust and brown. The only mopable (is that a word?) floor was the marble one in the entry foyer. Our previous home, constructed in 1964, had a carpeted living room, staircase and master bedroom with the rest of the rooms having cork tile floors. When designing the new house, our mother said she never wanted to mop or wax another floor so wall-to-wall carpet was what she got. She eventually came full circle, I guess, for the last house they had had all wood floors.

Reply
miblue1 says
February 7, 2012 at 12:43 pm

I remember in the 80s we put in kitchen carpet–OH WHAT A MISTAKE.My husband spilled a gallon of red Kool-aid on it and never stopped coming up through the padding.We then went with vinyl in the kitchen and baths and dark green carpet in the living room and hall.The prettiest green ever except it showed every little thing.Now in our new house we went with a total laminate in our upstairs living and sleeping area due to my allergies.They have so improved since we did that.We took the carpet from the upstairs and moved it into our finished basement.If I had it to do all over I would go with real wood and be done with it.
I loved the history lesson it was really a blast from the past.

Reply
Jay Cruz says
February 8, 2012 at 5:25 pm

What a great article. I’m so glad to see someone preserving the past.

I didn’t see anywhere that any vintage shag carpet is actually for sale. Is it for sale, and how do I go about speaking with someone about purchasing some? If it is not for sale, does anyone know of any resources for this stuff. Preferably the multi-color shag from the seventies.
Thanks.

Reply
Leigh says
March 2, 2012 at 1:47 am

My grandma used to work 2 jobs so she could have the home decor of her dreams, which included wall to wall carpeting…yellow background with formal red, purple, and green flower design…the reason she needed 2 jobs? $56/sq yd, in 1958! Her home was always very beautiful. As for me and my mid century carpet story, in our 1954 Alexander designed Palm Springs home, we removed the carpet to find 3000 sq ft of original white marble! We no longer live there unfortunately, but Im looking forward to renovating my “new” 1953 ranch : )

Reply
Maureen Bajeyt says
April 24, 2014 at 6:59 pm

I know this is an older post, but I admire how your grandmother worked two jobs to have the decor of her dreams. My folks went heavily into debt after borrowing $$$ for the decor of their dreams – we can learn a lot from our elders.

Reply
andrew says
June 25, 2012 at 2:37 am

This article provided me some great info… I’m buying a 1950 ranch and want to change the flooring… Part is a travertine tile I won’t touch, but the other part is a carpet that just doesn’t do it for me. Had been thinking about a bamboo floor, but now am thinking about some cool carpet that can create that cool vintage look… This piece has me thinking..

Any suggestions would be appreciated.. Here’s a link to the house.

http://www.trulia.com/property/3085354861-7019-N-14th-St-Phoenix-AZ-85020

Reply
karen says
July 1, 2013 at 5:30 pm

Finally, a fairly positive site about carpet.

After refinishing several hardwood floors in various houses throughout the years, I am now at least six months into a new carpet that we installed in our 1925 bungalow. I know, I know …”Gasp!” and “Why?!” There are beautiful hardwoods under there! Yes, the wood floors were in moderate condition and we could have spent at least 1500 bucks to get them up to snuff. However, for me, my carpet choice boils down to two words: luxuriously soft. I have been teaching senior high school students in a classroom with a hard floor for over 25 years and every day I wear my dogs out because I am a very physical instructor as a result of the way I move around the classroom.

I have found that now with carpet gleefully look forward to this nurturing bungalow at the end of the day. Suffice it to say I would not enjoy moving into a home with “mystery” carpet. The newness is a must for me. Moreover, I came from a childhood home with carpet that was very clean. My mother vacuumed and still vacuums nearly every day. I know, I know… carpet can never be as clean as hardwood. Well, my mother’s is darn close and I have been in too many homes where the hardwood floors have looked less than stellar and sometimes downright gross.

But the real turning point for me was when the family including teenagers and toddlers gathered for Christmas at my mother’s last year. Her house is smaller than mine but it lives bigger. Why? The carpet. Cousins were on the floor playing board games while I was leaning up against a couch with my niece looking at college photos and it hit me as I looked around the room that there were 12 us in various parts of the room and five us were on the floor.

When I came back to my bungalow I realized that we didn’t really use the floor except with our feet. It was simply a surface to get from here to there. That’s what tipped it and I have thoroughly enjoyed my carpet ever since. The floor has become a living and doing space, a soft refuge and retreat.

I try to vacuum every day ; )

Reply
pam kueber says
July 1, 2013 at 5:41 pm

Very very interesting points. Our basement family room is carpeted. Yes, I end up on the floor half the time. Very very interesting points!

Reply
karen says
July 4, 2013 at 8:08 pm

Thanks Pam.

Another thought…

I was hesitant for so long because I had always heard (and still do) that hardwood floors make a house look bigger. This was not the case with this house which was chopped up with various and sundry area rugs. Perhaps it’s relative to the actual size of any given house. Ours is quite small to begin with and carpeting actually “expanded” our space–possibly because the carpet is light and possibly because I am constantly working at “sparing” down the furniture and accessories so that I have plenty of negative space–a sward of carpet much like a well manicured lawn.

In addition, I am working at keeping a very limited and neutral color palette.

Reply
Catherine says
October 24, 2013 at 8:56 pm

Great article! We’re in the process of picking out carpeting for our 50’s basement remodel, and this was just the article I needed today. I’m going to look for Saxony carpeting… now just to choose a “bold” color! Not sure my husband is going to go for teal (although I do like that photo example above).

Reply
Chris says
October 24, 2013 at 11:48 pm

mother was the only career mom in the neighborhood. In a sea of maple country and poodle lamps, she dared to paint cocoa brown walls, with matching wall to wall, over hardwood, early pieces of simple line blond wood, with nubby orange loveseat. Leap to selling new homes, which she decorated, she fervently urged young couples in an era of quick work transfers to keep expensive basics, “light bright and airy” for quick resale. Color to be added in removable easy carry decor. She was always ahead of her time. Next personal change was move to danish style medium walnut, Steward McDougall, which after 49 years I am proud to own. Another hallmark of her style, was that in era of cookie cutter homes, hers had all different elevations, bricks, space between houses, no sheds, no fences, only decorative safe fences for in ground only pools. Those neighborhoods stand out today as unique, entirely eschewing a period of ghastly sameness, and remain beautified by the parklike back yards. Pleasant to pass through these communities, and still see her forward sense of design still at work.

Reply
sarah says
October 25, 2013 at 9:09 am

i have been looking for a star trek aera rug with the fedaration of planets logo on it to go in my lil office cubakle 10 x 7 ft wide ..can any one sugguest were to look thank you ……

Reply
Joe Felice says
January 27, 2014 at 12:39 am

The only carpet I remember from the ’50s & ’60s was sculptured nylon. And usually in bright colors–burned orange, avocado, gold, etc. And to think, everyone covered their gorgeous hardwood floors with the stuff!

Reply
tina b says
May 26, 2014 at 10:08 am

hmm? that reminds me, I think that I have a bolt of burnt orange shag carpeting in the basement (affectionately called the dungeon) given to me years ago,that I can shampoo and clean and lay down in the appointed breakfast nook area. It is a sunken room with almost a full wall of French type windows!!! Might be enough to cover that area 🙂

Reply
Emily Kiker (Morrow) Finkell says
September 20, 2016 at 3:09 pm

Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Pam, this was by far one of the most talked about and interesting discussions I had as Shaw’s director of Color, Style & Design…in fact, we had more people stop in their tracks when they saw the swatches of my “vintage” pieces. Thank you for your research into what continues to be a fascinating aspect of design…”RETRO”!
I’ll be sharing your blog post on my own under “Design Spectator” as it is a timeless topic.
All the best,
Emily Morrow Finkell

Reply
« OLDER COMMENTS
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Comment
Name *
Email *
Website
Midcentury-Marketplace-Ads3
BE SAFE / RENOVATE SAFE!
Get informed and be aware about the environmental & safety hazards in old homes, materials and products. #1 RULE: Consult with your own properly licensed professionals. More info: See our Be Safe/Renovate page… EPA asbestos website … EPA lead website … U.S.F.A. – fire safety, etc.
Advertisement
website-bottom-banner-pam-kateFINAL
IMPORTANT READER INFORMATION
Terms of Use: By using this website you are agreeing to the site’s terms of use. Read them here in full.
Privacy Policy
Disclosures: How I make money
Contact
Copyright 2016 © Retro Renovation, all rights reserved. Please do not use any materials without prior permission.

%d bloggers like this: